DWAYNE ANDREAS AND ARCHER-DANIELS-MIDLAND
"Mr. Nice Guy" and the "Corporate Citizen"
In CN 10.10 it was noted how "...prominent GOP supporter Dwayne
Andreas of Archer Daniels Midland... donated $100,000 to Bill
Clinton's inaugural in 1993." It was also noted how
Archer-Daniels-Midland (ADM) funds the ultra-boring yet
oh-so-educational Jim Lehrer Newshour on PBS.
Not seen to my knowledge on the "public" television "news"
program has been major coverage of what's been going on for
several decades with Dwayne Andreas, Michael Andreas, ADM, and
others. (If PBS won't do it, Conspiracy Nation will.)
According to several articles in the New Federalist (7/29/96),
ADM and friends are quite a story. Here are excerpts from the
In 1878, John W. Daniels began selling flaxseed to produce
linseed oil and in 1902 formed Daniels Linseed Company in
Minneapolis. George A. Archer, another experienced
flaxseed crusher, joined the company in 1903. In 1923, the
company bought Midland Products and adopted the name Archer
Daniels Midland (ADM).
Dwayne Andreas, born in Decatur, Illinois in 1918, joined
his father's R.P. Andreas firm in the mid-1930s. In 1936,
the Andreas family changed the name of the firm to the
Honeymead Company. In 1945, [Dwayne Andreas] sold 60
percent of the family's Honeymead to Cargill [another food
From 1946 through 1952, Dwayne Andreas worked for Cargill,
learning how to hedge and speculate [a.k.a. rob farmers] in
commodities. In 1945, Dwayne Andreas met Hubert Humphrey.
Andreas contributed $1,000 to Humphrey's first senatorial
campaign in 1948. Humphrey and Andreas became intimate.
Humphrey was godfather to Andreas's son. In 1977,
Humphrey, then on the Senate Agriculture Committee, wrote
legislation to establish government supports for sugar,
which saved Andreas from huge losses. In the 1980s,
Andreas funded a Hubert Humphrey Room at the
Anti-Defamation League's new headquarters at U.N. Plaza in
New York City. While Humphrey lived, Andreas and Humphrey
took 85 trips together.
New Federalist has recently reported on the connections
between 1948 GOP presidential candidate and governor of New
York Tom Dewey and Republican Party judge-fixer Roy Cohn.
According to a July 14, 1996 cover story in the magazine
section of the Sunday Washington Post, Dewey, working
during the 1950s as Andreas's lawyer, set up the Andreas
Foundation, to spread Andreas's influence through
charitable and political contributions. Andreas provided
the funds, and Dewey decided where to distribute the
foundation's largesse. "Give money to both sides
[Democratic and Republican]. And give to the people your
friends ask you to give to," is how the Post described the
What did Andreas get in return? For one thing, when Dewey
became the governor of New York, he saw to it that ADM was
awarded a lucrative contract to provide soy-based food
products to the state's prison system.
Over the decades, working "both sides of the fence" also
netted ADM a change in the Food for Peace legislation of
the 1960s to allow that federal program to sell processed
food (from ADM and other cartel companies), and action by
Richard Nixon to open China's wheat markets to ADM-supplied
grain, to mention only a few of the good turns done for
In 1974, ADM entered into a price-fixing scheme that
overcharged the U.S. government $19 million in sales of
soy-fortified food to the Food for Peace program. ADM was
convicted. In 1976, the company pleaded no contest to
federal charges that it had systematically short-weighted
and misgraded federally subsidized grain that was being
In 1984, Andreas met Mikhail Gorbachov for the first time.
In 1990, Andreas contributed $1 million to create a
Gorbachov Institute in the United States and Russia.
Andreas was always close, as a result of his friendship
with Hubert Humphrey, to the organized crime-linked
Anti-Defamation League of the B'nai B'rith. During the
1980s, Andreas was persuaded by another major grain trader,
Burton Joseph, of the Minneapolis-based S.I. Joseph
Company, to contribute $1 million to the ADL. Andreas made
the payments in amounts of $50,000 to $100,000 per year.
In 1995, the U.S. Justice Department launched an
investigation into fraud and anti-competitive price-fixing
in ADM's handling and marketing of corn sweeteners and
lysine -- a livestock feed supplement.
Key personnel connected with ADM are: Howard Buffett, vice
president of ADM and son of Warren Buffett; Robert Strauss,
George Bush's ambassador to Russia, 1991-1993; Brian
Mulroney, former prime minister of Canada; Michael Andreas,
son of Dwayne Andreas and heir-apparent to the empire.
Dwayne Andreas sits on the Hollinger International Advisory
Board, headed by Lady Margaret Thatcher, Henry Kissinger,
and Lord Peter Carrington. Also on the Hollinger board are
Evelyn de Rothschild, Giovanni Agnelli of FIAT, and former
Fed chief Paul Volcker.
(For a related story, see CN 10.02, "The Soybean Cases and
Judicial Bribery" by Sherman H. Skolnick.)