GLORIA IN EXCELSIS
[CN transcript of remarks by west coast researcher Dave Emory.]
The last person that we're gonna take a look at (well, the
next-to-last person, actually) in considerable detail is the
aforementioned Katherine Graham. A principle stockholder in Ms.
[magazine], one of the people who helped lean on Random House for
the deletions in the book, *Feminist Revolution*, Katherine
Graham is, as mentioned, one of the key people who, not only one
of the key stockholders, but one of the key people who helped
found Ms. magazine in the first place.
Katherine Graham, as well as the entire Washington Post mileau,
have a long-standing relationship with the Central Intelligence
Agency. That information came to light in a book called
*Katherine the Great*, subtitled, "Katherine the Great and the
Washington Post." Published in hardcover by Harcourt, Brace,
Jovanovich. Authored by Debra Davis. It's copyrighted 1979, by
Debra Davis. And I would point out that this book is very
difficult to find because it was suppressed, almost certainly
because of the CIA connections revealed in it.
What we're going to be looking at here (and again, this is, in a
sense, placing the whole Ms. magazine situation in a much larger
framework) is basically that the Washington Post is part of a,
well, I guess you'd have to say (ironically enough here) an "old
boy network" which is one of the major axes of the CIA's
involvement with the news media.
We're going to be taking a look at the evolution of the
Washington Post in conjunction with the Central Intelligence
Agency. And then we're going to take a look at Katherine
Graham's role as head of the Washington Post, and the Washington
Post's role in getting rid of Richard Nixon on behalf of the U.S.
National Security Establishment. As I indicated, Watergate was
much deeper (I guess one could say, extending the metaphor) than
the popular imagination has generally conceived.
But we're going to take a look at "Katherine the Great" and her
involvement with the CIA and Watergate a little later. But
beyond that, we're going to take a look at Washington Post as
basically part of a long-standing CIA intelligence/media mileau.
First thing we're going to look at here is the establishment of
an operation called "Operation Mockingbird." This was set up,
not only by Washington Post publisher Phil Graham (the former
husband of Katherine Graham), but also [by] a CIA official named
Frank Wisner(sp?). We've taken a look at Frank Wisner's role in
importing the Ukranian fascists and SS units, in Radio Free
America #1 and #2. And in Radio Free America show #15, we looked
at the role of these same elements in the assassination of John
Kennedy in setting up a "left" cover for the assassination. We
also took a look at the role of Wesley Liebler(sp?), a law
partner of Frank Wisner's, in covering up the White Russian,
Czarist, and Russian fascist connections to the assassination of
John Kennedy. That, in Radio Free America #15.
Now Frank Wisner and Phil Graham were two of the people who
helped set up Operation Mockingbird, which was a CIA/media
propaganda effort. Debra Davis writes about this in *Katherine
the Great* as follows.
Frank Wisner, like Phil Graham, had been born a southerner
and had made his own way in the Northeastern legal
establishment. During the war [WWII], he had been
recruited into the OSS by William Donovan (whose house the
Grahams had bought) and had been sent to the Balkans where
he conceived of and executed operations that became models
for future psychological warfare. He had been excluded
from postwar intelligence because of bureaucratic
infighting, had been asked to return as Deputy Assistant
Secretary of State for Occupied Countries, an intelligence
post, and by September of 1948 he was named Director of the
Office of Policy Coordination [OPC], the covert operations
arm of the CIA. OPC and CIA were officially merged in
1952. At OPC, Wisner developed a vision that the war
against Communism would be fought not as another large war,
but as a series of "guerrilla-like skirmishes," a situation
that he sought to control.
Sometimes in co-operation with embassies or the Marshall
Plan outposts, and sometimes not, Wisner had already begun
wide-scale recruitment of foreign students and infiltration
of labor unions. But he wanted something more, a way not
only to subvert and disrupt but to give foreign peoples a
sense of America, to "alter their perceptions" against
Communism without violence. And thus Wisner, his deputy
Richard Helms, and Phillip Graham, conceived of a formal
program to recruit and use journalists. A haphazard
practice until then, it was said to have had the code name,
And Philip Graham here, again, one of the people working with
Richard Helms, later Director of Central Intelligence, and CIA
official Frank Wisner, was one of the people who helped develop
this Operation Mockingbird: the first, and most long-running and
successful, of the many CIA programs infiltrating and
manipulating the news media.
The next thing we're going to look at is the primary role that
the CIA has played in building the Washington Post over the years
and the Washington Post Corporation. Again, returning to
*Katherine the Great* by Debra Davis:
But the Post was also unique among news companies in that
its managers, living and working in Washington, thought of
themselves simultaneously as journalists, businessmen, and
patriots, a state of mind that made them singularly able to
expand the company while promoting the national interest.
Their individual relations with intelligence had, in fact,
been the reason that the Post company had grown as fast as
it did after the war. Their secrets were its corporate
secrets, beginning with Mockingbird. Phillip Graham's
committment to intelligence gave his friend Frank Wisner
and Allen Dulles an interest in making the Washington Post
the dominant news vehicle in Washington, which they did by
assisting its two most crucial acquisitions, the
Times-Herald and WTOP [radio].
The Post-men most essential to these transactions (other
than Phil) were Wayne Coy, the Post executive who had been
Phil's former New Deal boss, and John S. Hayes(sp?), who
replaced Coy in 1947 when Coy was appointed chairman of the
Federal Communications Commission. It worked like this:
Hayes had been commander of the Armed Forces Radio Network,
ETO (European Theater of Operations), and in that capacity
had made intelligence connections all over Europe. He came
to the Post, after turning the network to the service of
the Marshall Plan, with the title of Vice President for
Radio and Television. In Washington, he became friendly
with Frank Wisner, father of [Operation] Mockingbird, and
with Allen Dulles, an OSS man who became the second
Director of the new CIA in 1953.
(I would interrupt, of course you look at Dulles' role in the Bay
of Pigs and the importation and manipulation of the [Nazi] Gehlen
organization as well as the assassination of Kennedy.)
The relationship with Dulles was particularly important
because of Dulles' ties to Wall Street, from which
intelligence, industry, and government all draw their
leaders -- the men who form this country's ruling clique.
Between 1937 and 1943, when he joined the OSS, Dulles had
been a director of the Schroeder(sp?) Bank, which in
Germany had mis-judged the oneness of corporate and
national interests to the extent of helping to finance
Hitler because he promised to stabilize the German economy.
From his membership in the tiny merchant banking community,
which includes at any time only about 100 active partners
distributed among the Morgan, Lazar(sp?), Rothschild,
Hambros, and Baring Houses, Dulles knew and respected
former Lazar associate Eugene Meyer.
[...to be continued...]